Rosemary Information

 Rosemary

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Most Common Name: Rosemary
Botanical Name: Rosmarinus Officinalis
Also Known As (other names):Polar Plant, Compass Plant, Incensier

Originally from Europe where it grows in the wild around the Mediterranean Ocean this plant has now been domesticated world wide. The entire plant is harvested. 

It is used for, or in treatment of:

 StomachicColicAntidepressant
AntisepticAnti-inflammatoryHeadaches
MigrainesTonicDandruff

 

Administered as:

 Dried HerbInfusionDecoction
Fluid extractDried extract. 

What is?

A CompressA DecoctionA Herbal VinegarA Fluid Extract
An InfusionAn OintmentA PoulticeA Powder
A SalveA SyrupA TeaA Tincture

 

Constituents (i.e. what has been reported to be in this herb):

 Volatile oil - See Rosemary Essential Oil../essential-oils/rosemary.htm

Camphor:  Camphor is a Carvone, one of the Ketones. In the + isometric form is found in the oil of Caraway seed, in the - isometric form it is found in feverfew and some lavender subspecies. In the - form -Carvone is the major constituent in Oil of Spearmint (Mentha Spicata).

Camphor is commercially extracted in the + isometric form from the wood of Cinammomum Camphora, the Camphor Laurel

Camphor is antipruritic, mucolytic and expectorant. Camphor is also toxic in significant doses and can cause contact dermatitis.

In the cosmetic and beauty therapy industry Camphor is widely used for its preservative properties in creams, hair products, after shave lotions and other skin products as it has the added benefit of giving a cool refreshing feeling to the skin. Pure camphor oil has been used through the centuries as a moth repellent and an ingredient in liniments. The FDA has banned Camphor as a liniment as it is readily absorbed through the skin and is toxic in larger doses even when applied topically.

In Lavender Essential oil although present Camphor is regarded as an undesirable constituent thereby increasing the price of Lavandin, Lavender and even Lavender-Spike (in which higher levels of Camphor is expected) where the aroma lacks the distinct Camphor smell.

Ketones: Monoterpenoid Ketones are stable molecules formed by oxidation of alcohols. Monocyclic Ketones like Pulegone and Thujone are toxic and should be avoided in any significant volumes in any treatment. Ketones are expectorant and a respiratory tonic.

 

Flavonoids: Flavonoids occur (as white and yellow plant pigments found almost as commonly as chlorophyll) as Glycosides or in a free state. In plants it is essential for protecting plant tissue from UV radiation and acts as antioxidants. As pigments it is also responsible for Autumn colors in leaves and yellow/red pigmentation in flowers.

Laboratory experiments have been conducted on the beneficiary effect of Flavonoids on the heart and circulatory system. Flavonoids are also used to mitigate stress, especially environmental stress. Flavonoids are often used for their antioxidant effect against free radicals. There are also strong indications that they have antiviral, anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive properties but dosage has not been determined which will obviously have a profound effect on their efficacy as a component of this herb.

 

Rosmarinic Acid: A Phenylpropanoid

Phenylpropanoids: A phenol.

Phenylpropanoids are therapeutically beneficial and generally not toxic.

Most Phenylpropanoids are analgesic, anti-inflammatory and hypotensive

Phenol: Phenol is extracted from coal tar.
Phenol has an anesthetic and disinfectant effect on the skin but is very toxic and must not be ingested. even in very small quantities phenol may cause nausea, vomiting, paralysis, convulsions and respiratory failure.

Fatalities from skin absorption has been reported as well as circulatory collapse. This product should not be used under any circumstances.

 
Rosmariquinone

Triterpenes: Saponins: Saponins occur as glycosides, that have the effect of reducing surface tension which gives the membranes a soap-like quality promoting a wound healing, anti-scarring property. They also have expectorant, diuretic and anti-inflammatory properties. Typically saponins are poorly absorbed if ingested but as overdosing may cause nausea and vomiting care should be taken in dosage. Saponins are also absorbed from our diet (mostly cereals).

 

Diterpenes: A bitter tasting terpenoid used widely as a stomachic. Diterpenes are believed to help with hypertension and respiratory tract complaints such as catarrh bronchitis and colds. Some diterpenes are believed to have tumour inhibitor properties as well as a stimulating effect on the immune system.

 
 

 

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* Statements made have not been evaluated by American Food and Drug Authority or similar board or authority of any other country.
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