|Most Common Name:||Pine|
Known As (other names):||Swiss Mountain Pine, Dwarf Pine|
Pine - General description:
There are a great number of Pine
species, all with essentially the same constituents although the concentrations
of these constituents may vary from specie to specie and also from region to
region. All varieties of Pine yield resins that are predominately used to make
Oil of Turpentine and Rosin and a very small portion is used for medicinal
purposes. Pine Essential Oil is distilled from the needles and Pine is also used
in Homeopathy where the flowers are used.
Properties, or Pine use in treatment of:
|Below we list
reported constituents of this herb. This may not be complete as continuous
research constantly discovers new constituents. Where possible we also provide
information about constituents and their application, effect and side effects,
if any. We do not provide information on the interaction between constituents.
We do not give quantities of each individual constituent as these vary
considerably due to region and climate. By comparing the treatments above with
the constituent benefits below some indication of quantities can be gained.|
Volatile Oil - See Pine Essential Oil||
Pinene: Commonly found in Oil of Turpentine extracted from Pinus
specie trees, pinene (alpha-pinene and beta-pinene) is also widely distributed
in other plants. It is used for Rheumatism as a liniment but is best known by
Aromatherapists and a tonic of the mucus membranes of the respiratory system.
Pinene is also important for its pleasant fragrance and is believed to have
diuretic properties by many.
Dipentene: No current data available
Camphene: No current data available
Myrcene: A monoterpene found in essential oil
Monoterpenes: One of the many terpenes, monoterpenes (the
smallest of the terpenes, although one of the most widely occurring) are mostly
found in essential or volatile oils. Aromatherapists use monoterpenes as a mucus
membrane tonic as decongestants and to ease nasal and other mucus membrane
Monoterpenes evaporate easily and have a low boiling point.
Monoterpenes are mostly colorless and odorless, prone to oxidation. Oxidants
from monoterpenes could be irritant.
Monoterpenes are antiseptic,
antiviral and bactericidal.
Borneol: One of the terpene alcohols, found most abundantly in
rosemary oil, has many of the properties of other terpene alcohols. It is used
as a skin tonic, a local anaesthetic, sedative and antispasmodic.
Terpene Alcohol: Valued for their fragrance,
gentle reaction on the skin and membranes and healing properties Terpene
Alcohols have earned the name of "Friendly Molecules". Alcohols are amongst the
strongest antimicrobial compounds in essential oils but lack the irritant
properties of other antimicrobial constituents like phenols.
Limonene: Limonene has been studied for the anti-tumour effect
noticed in mice. Herbalists often prescribe herbs with this constituent as an
antioxidant and cancer or tumour inhibitor although there is evidence that these
properties are volatile and may be lost as a result of processing of the herb.
Limonene also has antiviral properties.
A phenolic ether found in Fennel, Aniseed and
star anise. Anethol, or anethole is widely used in mouth washes and toothpaste
as a flavouring agent. Anethol is unstable in sunlight or other strong light and
can irritate skin and mucous membrane to the extent that it can cause
Phenolic Ethers: Phenolic ethers on their own are irritant and
toxic Phenylpropane derivatives. Where Phenolic Ethers are present in essential
oils these oils must be used with care and extreme dilutions as even small
amounts of phenolic ethers are toxic.
Contraindications, do not use if:
be exercised if used for Dropsy, rheumatism and renal complaints.|| || |
| || || |
at Beneforce are certainly not experts in the use of every herb. In our studies
and research we do come across warnings that a herb should not be used in
certain circumstances or for certain conditions and ailments. Where possible we
will reflect these on our pages but cannot guarantee that for any herb our list
of contraindications are complete or valid. We urge that you consult an
appropriate and knowledgeable practitioner before treatment.|
is Administered as/Available in:
Essential Oil||Crude Oil|
| || || |
|* Statements made
have not been evaluated by American Food and Drug Authority or similar board
or authority of any other country.|
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