Pine Information

 Pine

 

 

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Most Common Name:Pine
Botanical Name:Pinus Sylvestris
Also Known As (other names):Swiss Mountain Pine, Dwarf Pine

Pine - General description:

There are a great number of Pine species, all with essentially the same constituents although the concentrations of these constituents may vary from specie to specie and also from region to region. All varieties of Pine yield resins that are predominately used to make Oil of Turpentine and Rosin and a very small portion is used for medicinal purposes. Pine Essential Oil is distilled from the needles and Pine is also used in Homeopathy where the flowers are used.

Pine Properties, or Pine use in treatment of:

RubefacientVesicantAntiseptic
DecongestantExpectorantCoughs
ColdsRheumatismMuscular aches

 

Pine Constituents:

Below we list reported constituents of this herb. This may not be complete as continuous research constantly discovers new constituents. Where possible we also provide information about constituents and their application, effect and side effects, if any. We do not provide information on the interaction between constituents. We do not give quantities of each individual constituent as these vary considerably due to region and climate. By comparing the treatments above with the constituent benefits below some indication of quantities can be gained.
Volatile Oil - See Pine Essential Oil

Pinene: Commonly found in Oil of Turpentine extracted from Pinus specie trees, pinene (alpha-pinene and beta-pinene) is also widely distributed in other plants. It is used for Rheumatism as a liniment but is best known by Aromatherapists and a tonic of the mucus membranes of the respiratory system. Pinene is also important for its pleasant fragrance and is believed to have diuretic properties by many.

 

Dipentene: No current data available

 

Camphene: No current data available

 

Myrcene:  A monoterpene found in essential oil of basil.

Monoterpenes: One of the many terpenes, monoterpenes (the smallest of the terpenes, although one of the most widely occurring) are mostly found in essential or volatile oils. Aromatherapists use monoterpenes as a mucus membrane tonic as decongestants and to ease nasal and other mucus membrane discomfort.

Monoterpenes evaporate easily and have a low boiling point. Monoterpenes are mostly colorless and odorless, prone to oxidation. Oxidants from monoterpenes could be irritant.

Monoterpenes are antiseptic, antiviral and bactericidal.

 

Borneol: One of the terpene alcohols, found most abundantly in rosemary oil, has many of the properties of other terpene alcohols. It is used as a skin tonic, a local anaesthetic, sedative and antispasmodic.

Terpene Alcohol: Valued for their fragrance, gentle reaction on the skin and membranes and healing properties Terpene Alcohols have earned the name of "Friendly Molecules". Alcohols are amongst the strongest antimicrobial compounds in essential oils but lack the irritant properties of other antimicrobial constituents like phenols.

 

Limonene: Limonene has been studied for the anti-tumour effect noticed in mice. Herbalists often prescribe herbs with this constituent as an antioxidant and cancer or tumour inhibitor although there is evidence that these properties are volatile and may be lost as a result of processing of the herb. Limonene also has antiviral properties.

 

Anethol:

A phenolic ether found in Fennel, Aniseed and star anise. Anethol, or anethole is widely used in mouth washes and toothpaste as a flavouring agent. Anethol is unstable in sunlight or other strong light and can irritate skin and mucous membrane to the extent that it can cause blistering.

Phenolic Ethers: Phenolic ethers on their own are irritant and toxic Phenylpropane derivatives. Where Phenolic Ethers are present in essential oils these oils must be used with care and extreme dilutions as even small amounts of phenolic ethers are toxic.

 

 

Pine Contraindications, do not use if:

Caution must be exercised if used for Dropsy, rheumatism and renal complaints.  
   
We at Beneforce are certainly not experts in the use of every herb. In our studies and research we do come across warnings that a herb should not be used in certain circumstances or for certain conditions and ailments. Where possible we will reflect these on our pages but cannot guarantee that for any herb our list of contraindications are complete or valid. We urge that you consult an appropriate and knowledgeable practitioner before treatment.
How current is this information?

 

Pine is Administered as/Available in:

Tincture Essential OilCrude Oil
   

 

What is?

A CompressA DecoctionA Herbal VinegarA Fluid Extract
An InfusionAn OintmentA PoulticeA Powder
A SalveA SyrupA TeaA Tincture

 

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* Statements made have not been evaluated by American Food and Drug Authority or similar board or authority of any other country.
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