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Most Common Name: Hawthorn
Botanical Name: Crataegus Laevigata
Also Known As (other names):Hogberry, May, Mayblossom, Maybush, Thorn, Whitethorn, Haw, Hazels, Hagthorn

Hawthorn Constituents


Hawthorn description and origin:

Hawthorn is probably best known in Britain where it has been uses for centuries as ahedge plant but it can be found all over Europe, North Africa and Asia.

The fruit is primarily used (small berries). They were traditionally dried and used for ailments such as heart disease as far back as the Middle Ages in Britain. Today extracts are made from the leaves and flowers as well.

Hawthorn Use for/In treatment of:

AnginaArrhythmiaHigh Blood Pressure
Palpitations of the heart  

Hawthorn Properties:

DiureticRecuperative tonic 

Hawthorn Constituents (Hawthorn Ingredients):

Below we list reported constituents of Hawthorn. This may not be complete as continuous research constantly discovers new constituents.

Amines: Amines are derived from ammonia by replacing one or more hydrogen atoms with carbon atoms. Amines are basic synthesised derivatives of ammonium chloride, a natural salt.

Ephedrine and Pseudoephedrine (derived from Ephedra Sinica -Ma Huang) are possibly the best known amines and are widely used for allergies that affect the respiratory tract.

Mescaline is another amine that is known for its hallucinogenic effect and the less known Muscarine is a toxic amine found in many toxic mushrooms.

Flavonoids: Flavonoids occur (as white and yellow plant pigments found almost as commonly as chlorophyll) as Glycosides or in a free state. In plants it is essential for protecting plant tissue from UV radiation and acts as antioxidants. As pigments it is also responsible for Autumn colors in leaves and yellow/red pigmentation in flowers.

Laboratory experiments have been conducted on the beneficiary effect of Flavonoids on the heart and circulatory system. Flavonoids are also used to mitigate stress, especially environmental stress. Flavonoids are often used for their antioxidant effect against free radicals. There are also strong indications that they have antiviral, anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive properties but dosage has not been determined which will obviously have a profound effect on their efficacy as a component of this herb.

Catechins: A condensed Tannin used in the cosmetic industry for brown and black coloring. It is astringent and may cause allergic reactions.

Tannins: Tannins are the largest group of polyphenols found widely in bark, wood, leaves and even some fruit. Widely used to tan animal hides in the leather production industry this constituent is an Astringent, works against inflammation in mucus membranes and other skin conditions, prevents bleeding of small wounds as well as uterine bleeding and is effective against diarrhoea and dysentery.

Tannins should be used with care as they tend to inhibit the absorption of other nutrients and substances therefore reducing the efficacy of other medicinal compounds in the medication.

Phenolic acids: Therapeutically valuable and not toxic the Phenolic acids are analgesic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective and hypotensive.


Hawthorn Contraindications, do not use if:

We cannot warrant that this list of contraindications are complete or valid. We urge that you consult an appropriate and knowledgeable practitioner before treatment.

Hawthorn is Administered as/Available in:

A decoctionCapsulesTincture
Fluid extract  

What is?

A CompressA DecoctionA Herbal VinegarA Fluid Extract
An InfusionAn OintmentA PoulticeA Powder
A SalveA SyrupA TeaA Tincture
How current is this information?

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* Statements made have not been evaluated by American Food and Drug Authority or similar board or authority of any other country.
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