Acetic Acid: A very important acid in the Monobase acids,
containing a single carboxyl group, acetic acid is the main constituent of
vinegar and the cause of the sour and sharp taste of vinegars.
Acetic Acid is often used as a solvent for gums and resins as well as some of
the volatile oils.
Cosmetically it is used in freckle bleaching preparations and in other skin
lotions where pigmentation camouflage is needed.
Concentrated Acetic Acid is very corrosive and must never be used on the skin
without dilution. Even a 5% solution can be irritant. Vapours of Acetic Acid can
damage the lungs if inhaled.
Acetic Acid is Rubefacient and Styptic.
also called Riboflavin, is a water soluble yellow crystalline pigment that
combines with with some of the proteins to form a coenzyme that is needed to
oxidize foods like sugars, fats and other carbohydrates and some proteins.
Mild Vitamin B2 deficiencies are common and in most
cases are mild cases of dermatitis or fatigue, severe deficiencies are rare but
far more debilitating and include seborrhea of the facial and genital regions,
itching of the scrotum and vagina, inability to urinate, eye disorders,
inflammation of the tongue and other areas. Some of the early symptoms are eye
sensitivity to bright light, skin disorders and hair loss. During periods of
stress and exhaustion the symptoms are more pronounced.
Natural sources are eggs, green leaved vegetables, legumes,
whole grain (you need large quantities), yeast and milk. Riboflavin is
stored in limited quantities by the body and must therefore constantly be
renewed by absorption from the regular diet.
Vitamin B3, also known as Niacin, is a crystalline, water soluble and white
member of the B-Group Vitamins.
Vitamin B3 primary sources are Meat (all meats), most nuts, Whole grain, Brewer's yeast, Fish and
Cheese. To maximize the intake of Vitamin B3 these products should be as
unprocessed as possible.
Vitamin B3 is made in the body by Tryptophan, an
amino acid. Vitamin B3 plays a role in the production of sex hormones and
maintenance of the nervous system.
Vitamin B3 acts as a coenzyme to assist in the absorption of all foods and
maintains a healthy shin, gastro-system and nervous system. It also plays a role
in the synthesis of sex hormones.
Vitamin B3, like may of the B-Group Vitamins is not stored in
the body and a daily supply is needed to stay healthy.
Shortages of Vitamin B3 causes fatigue, weakness, skin
eruptions, dermatitis, appetite loss, irritability, nausea, depression and
headaches. Prolonged deficiency may intensify aforementioned conditions as well
as include halitosis, vomiting and gum disease. Extreme deficiency can
cause Pellagra, a debilitating disease that includes severe dermatitis, diarrhea
Vitamin B3 lowers cholesterol and
levels in the blood, reduces blood pressure, is a vasodilator and it has also been used against Asthma with some success.
Niacin occurs in plants as niacinamide, also called
Niacinamide: A b-complex vitamin that is closely related to
Vitamin B3 (niacin), occurs in plants and some animal tissue in but does not have a vasilodatory effect on the body.
Niacinamide is also called nicotinamide and is converted by the body into niacin
or Vitamin B3
Pentosans: No current data available