Cinchona Information

 Cinchona

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Most Common Name:Cinchona
Botanical Name:Cinchona Officinalis
Also Known As (other names):Peruvian Bark, Jesuit's Bark, Red Bark

Cinchona is possibly best known by the common name Peruvian Bark. Quinine, one of Cichona's constituents made this herb famous as the most significant break through against Malaria.

There are many different species of Cinchona, which differ in occurrence of constituents.

Properties, or in treatment of:

Astringent TonicFevers
ColdsInfluenzaAntimalarial
Antispasmodic  

 

Constituents:

Below we list reported constituents of this herb. This may not be complete as continuous research constantly discovers new constituents. Where possible we also provide information about constituents and their application, effect and side effects, if any. We do not provide information on the interaction between constituents. We do not give quantities of each individual constituent as these vary considerably due to region and climate. By comparing the treatments above with the constituent benefits below some indication of quantities can be gained.

Quinine: One of the Quinoline Alkaloids, Quinine is best known for its antimalarial properties. It is used by the pharmaceutical industry as a major component in anti-malarial drugs.

Quinine is also a febrifuge and muscle relaxant.

Side effects are bleeding and bruising, vertigo, tinnitus and a skin rash.

Quinoline Alkaloids: Quinoline alkaloids are common in the Rutacea family of plants.

Alkaloids Typical alkaloids are alkaline organic vegetable substances containing one or more nitrogen atoms. This nitrogen base is capable of combining with acids to form crystalline salts. Most alkaloids are derived from amino acids while a few are derived from isoprene units. Alkaloids are white or colourless solids containing oxygen (oxygen free alkaloids are few and far between and then can only exist as liquids) Most alkaloids are not water soluble, extraction is normally by tincture.
Alkaloids are found in about one quarter of all flowering plants. Thousands of alkaloids have been identified from a large number of plants where the alkaloid can be present in virtually every part of the plant or just a specific part like rhizome, leaf or seed.
Alkaloids generally have profound physiological impact on the human body and nervous system effects are predominant.
Many alkaloids are used as extracted and refined compounds derived from the actual plants or synthesised compounds in pharmaceutical drugs.
Several Alkaloids are banned in many countries because of the extreme impact on the nervous system (strychnine for instance is a deadly poison in very small doses) and the habit forming nature of some of the alkaloid compounds.

 

 

 

Tannins: Tannins are the largest group of polyphenols found widely in bark, wood, leaves and even some fruit. Widely used to tan animal hides in the leather production industry this constituent is an Astringent, works against inflammation in mucus membranes and other skin conditions, prevents bleeding of small wounds as well as uterine bleeding and is effective against diarrhoea and dysentery.

Tannins should be used with care as they tend to inhibit the absorption of other nutrients and substances therefore reducing the efficacy of other medicinal compounds in the medication.

 

 

Contraindications, do not use if:

If a skin rash appearsWhile pregnantIf bruising appears
If dizziness occurs  
We at Beneforce are certainly not experts in the use of every herb. In our studies and research we do come across warnings that a herb should not be used in certain circumstances or for certain conditions and ailments. Where possible we will reflect these on our pages but cannot guarantee that for any herb our list of contraindications are complete or valid. We urge that you consult an appropriate and knowledgeable practitioner before treatment.
How current is this information?

 

Administered as/Available in:

   
   

 

What is?

A CompressA DecoctionA Herbal VinegarA Fluid Extract
An InfusionAn OintmentA PoulticeA Powder
A SalveA SyrupA TeaA Tincture

 

Recommended Reading:

 

 

* Statements made have not been evaluated by American Food and Drug Authority or similar board or authority of any other country.
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