Chamomile Information

 Roman Chamomile, German Chamomile, Camomile

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Most Common Name:Chamomile Roman, Roman Camomile, Chamomile German, German Camomile
Botanical Name:Anthemis nobilis, Matricaria recotita
Also Known As (other names): Roman chamomile, Maythen, Manzanilla, Camomile

Originally from Britain, Roman Chamomile (often spelt as Camomile) is now cultivated in many countries. Chamomile tea has been used to calm nerves and treat indigestion for hundreds of years.

German Chamomile, although very similar in use, has different constituents (see below) and is native to Europe and Asia.
 
The active constituents of Chamomile is complex. Chamomile is often extracted in oil form.

Chamomile Use for/In treatment of:

A gastric tonicSedationInsomnia
Flu symptomsMenopausal depressionDyspepsia
ToothacheInflammationNeuralgia
DiarrhoeaMigraineTeething
WoundsIndigestionAnxiety
UlcersInfectionsAntiseptic
ArthritisImmune system tonicPeriod pains

Chamomile Properties:

Stomachic SedativeAnalgesic
Carminative Anti-inflammatoryAntiseptic
AntispasmodicAnti-emetic 

 

Chamomile Constituents:

Below we list reported constituents of this herb. This may not be complete as continuous research constantly discovers new constituents. Where possible we also provide information about constituents and their application, effect and side effects, if any. We do not provide information on the interaction between constituents. We do not give quantities of each individual constituent as these vary considerably due to region and climate. By comparing the treatments above with the constituent benefits below some indication of quantities can be gained.

 Roman Chamomile (Chamaemelum Nobile)

A Volatile oil - See Roman Chamomile Essential Oil

Flavonoids: Flavonoids occur (as white and yellow plant pigments found almost as commonly as chlorophyll) as Glycosides or in a free state. In plants it is essential for protecting plant tissue from UV radiation and acts as antioxidants. As pigments it is also responsible for Autumn colors in leaves and yellow/red pigmentation in flowers.

Laboratory experiments have been conducted on the beneficiary effect of Flavonoids on the heart and circulatory system. Flavonoids are also used to mitigate stress, especially environmental stress. Flavonoids are often used for their antioxidant effect against free radicals. There are also strong indications that they have antiviral, anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive properties but dosage has not been determined which will obviously have a profound effect on their efficacy as a component of this herb.

 

Coumarins: Coumarins are lactones of hydroxycinnamic acids. Coumarins are lactones. There are many variations of coumarins: Furanocoumarins found in Angelica have a spasmolitic effect but must be used with caution as they have a strong phototoxic effect as has many of the Furanocoumarins (Warfarin a blood thinning drug but also virulent rat poison, is a coumarin derivative). In general coumarins have antifungal, hypotensive, anticoagulant and antimicrobial properties.
Many of the Coumarins are phototoxic and skin sensitising.

Lactones: A lactone is an Ester that's functional group has become part of a ring structure with carbon atoms.

Lactones are widely present in the plant kingdom and many are expectorants and febrifuges.

 

Phenolic acids: Therapeutically valuable and not toxic the Phenolic acids are analgesic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective and hypotensive.

 

German Chamomile (Maticaria Recutita)

A Volatile oil - See German Chamomile Essential Oil

Apigenin: A Flavone. Flavones are the most common substances in the flavonoid group. Apigenins have been shown to have spasmolytic and topical anti-inflammatory properties.

Flavonoids: Flavonoids occur (as white and yellow plant pigments found almost as commonly as chlorophyll) as Glycosides or in a free state. In plants it is essential for protecting plant tissue from UV radiation and acts as antioxidants. As pigments it is also responsible for Autumn colors in leaves and yellow/red pigmentation in flowers.

Laboratory experiments have been conducted on the beneficiary effect of Flavonoids on the heart and circulatory system. Flavonoids are also used to mitigate stress, especially environmental stress. Flavonoids are often used for their antioxidant effect against free radicals. There are also strong indications that they have antiviral, anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive properties but dosage has not been determined which will obviously have a profound effect on their efficacy as a component of this herb.

 

 

 

Coumarins: Coumarins are lactones of hydroxycinnamic acids. Coumarins are lactones. There are many variations of coumarins: Furanocoumarins found in Angelica have a spasmolitic effect but must be used with caution as they have a strong phototoxic effect as has many of the Furanocoumarins (Warfarin a blood thinning drug but also virulent rat poison, is a coumarin derivative). In general coumarins have antifungal, hypotensive, anticoagulant and antimicrobial properties.
Many of the Coumarins are phototoxic and skin sensitising.

Lactones: A lactone is an Ester that's functional group has become part of a ring structure with carbon atoms.

Lactones are widely present in the plant kingdom and many are expectorants and febrifuges.

 

Polysaccharides: Polysaccharides (Glycans) are polymers that are made up as sugar chains. Polysaccharides making up the gums and mucilages, occur in every plant.

Polysaccharides are virtually indigestible and therefore have little or no effect if ingested. Polysaccharides are mostly inert and the majority are not soluble in water or organic solvents. Most gums will absorb water to the point where they become a sticky gel.

Mucilages and Gums (Polysaccharides): Widely present in the plant kingdom these substances are hydrophilic, being able to attract and bind with a volume of water that far exceeds the mass of the gum or mucilage.

Apart from their propensity to attract water, Mucilages and Gums are virtually inert and also almost fully indigestible. Generally the small amount of digestion that happens extracts very little sugar and no noteworthy pharmacological effect.

Because of this neutrality and indigestibility their value if ingested is that they are demulcent - which means that they coat and protect the lining of the gastric tract, if applied externally they are emollient - which means that they coat and protect the skin.

 

 

 

 

Contraindications, do not use if:

   
   
We at Beneforce are certainly not experts in the use of every herb. In our studies and research we do come across warnings that a herb should not be used in certain circumstances or for certain conditions and ailments. Where possible we will reflect these on our pages but cannot guarantee that for any herb our list of contraindications are complete or valid. We urge that you consult an appropriate and knowledgeable practitioner before treatment.
How current is this information?

 

Administered as/Available in:

An Essential oil, AromatherapyFluid extractDecoction
LotionInfusionOintment

 

What is?

A CompressA DecoctionA Herbal VinegarA Fluid Extract
An InfusionAn OintmentA PoulticeA Powder
A SalveA SyrupA TeaA Tincture

 

Recommended Reading:

 

 

* Statements made have not been evaluated by American Food and Drug Authority or similar board or authority of any other country.
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