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Most Common Name:Bogbean
Botanical Name: Menyanthes Trifolata
Also Known As (other names):Buckbean, Marsh trefoil, Water trefoil, Marsh clover, Boonan

Bogbean - General description:

Bogbean is found in European marshes and bogs (hence the name). It was once regarded as one of the best remedies against scurvy. Bogbean was also believed to protect sheep against Rot but as it is very bitter it is unlikely that sheep ever ate the Bogbean plant in any quantity.

Contrary to the name Bogbean does not produce beans. It is believed that it was called Bogbean due to the similarity in appearance to the common garden bean plant.

The entire herb is used.


Bogbean Use for/In treatment of:

Scurvy RheumatismSkin diseases
GoutRenal Failure 

Bogbean Properties:

TonicCathartic Febrifuge


Bogbean Constituents:

Below we list reported constituents of this herb. This may not be complete as continuous research constantly discovers new constituents. Where possible we also provide information about constituents and their application, effect and side effects, if any. We do not provide information on the interaction between constituents. We do not give quantities of each individual constituent as these vary considerably due to region and climate. By comparing the treatments above with the constituent benefits below some indication of quantities can be gained.

Iridoid Glycosides: Found in many plants Iridoids are very bitter. These bitter principles stimulates the release of gastrin in the digestive system, which in turn stimulates the secretions of bile and other digestive chemicals. Iridoid Glycosides have laxative and antimicrobal properties. There are many that believe that Iridoid Glycosides also have anti-inflammatory properties but so far the only tests have revealed a very weak anti-inflammatory effect.


Iridoids. Iridoids are the most bitter compound found in plants. These bitter compounds stimulate release of bile flow in the gut as well as stimulating digestive secretion. Iridoids are anti-inflammatory (not as strong as in other constituents, iridoids have some anti-inflammatory effects but should not be used purely for this purpose), hypotensive and febrifuge. Some iridoids are laxative and antimicrobial.


Flavonoids: Flavonoids occur (as white and yellow plant pigments found almost as commonly as chlorophyll) as Glycosides or in a free state. In plants it is essential for protecting plant tissue from UV radiation and acts as antioxidants. As pigments it is also responsible for Autumn colors in leaves and yellow/red pigmentation in flowers.

Laboratory experiments have been conducted on the beneficiary effect of Flavonoids on the heart and circulatory system. Flavonoids are also used to mitigate stress, especially environmental stress. Flavonoids are often used for their antioxidant effect against free radicals. There are also strong indications that they have antiviral, anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive properties but dosage has not been determined which will obviously have a profound effect on their efficacy as a component of this herb.


Phenolic acids: Therapeutically valuable and not toxic the Phenolic acids are analgesic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective and hypotensive.


Pyridine-piperidine Alkaloids: These Alkaloids include Nicotine, Coniine - both are exceptionally toxic. In very small doses (extreme care should be taken with these toxic compounds) pyridine alkaloids most are stimulant, bronchiodilatory, and sedative.

Alkaloids Typical alkaloids are alkaline organic vegetable substances containing one or more nitrogen atoms. This nitrogen base is capable of combining with acids to form crystalline salts. Most alkaloids are derived from amino acids while a few are derived from isoprene units. Alkaloids are white or colourless solids containing oxygen (oxygen free alkaloids are few and far between and then can only exist as liquids) Most alkaloids are not water soluble, extraction is normally by tincture.
Alkaloids are found in about one quarter of all flowering plants. Thousands of alkaloids have been identified from a large number of plants where the alkaloid can be present in virtually every part of the plant or just a specific part like rhizome, leaf or seed.
Alkaloids generally have profound physiological impact on the human body and nervous system effects are predominant.
Many alkaloids are used as extracted and refined compounds derived from the actual plants or synthesised compounds in pharmaceutical drugs.
Several Alkaloids are banned in many countries because of the extreme impact on the nervous system (strychnine for instance is a deadly poison in very small doses) and the habit forming nature of some of the alkaloid compounds.


Lactones: A lactone is an Ester that's functional group has become part of a ring structure with carbon atoms.

Lactones are widely present in the plant kingdom and many are expectorants and febrifuges.



Bogbean Contraindications, do not use if:

do not exceed dosage  
We at Beneforce are certainly not experts in the use of every herb. In our studies and research we do come across warnings that a herb should not be used in certain circumstances or for certain conditions and ailments. Where possible we will reflect these on our pages but cannot guarantee that for any herb our list of contraindications are complete or valid. We urge that you consult an appropriate and knowledgeable practitioner before treatment.
How current is this information?


Bogbean is Administered as/Available in:

Dried Herb Powdered HerbLiquid Extract


What is?

A CompressA DecoctionA Herbal VinegarA Fluid Extract
An InfusionAn OintmentA PoulticeA Powder
A SalveA SyrupA TeaA Tincture


Recommended Reading:



* Statements made have not been evaluated by American Food and Drug Authority or similar board or authority of any other country.
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