Gingerenones: A Diarylheptenone. Gingerenone A, B and C have
Responsible for the aroma and distinctive taste of Ginger this
phenolic arylakanone has been researched due to its apparent hepaprotective
effect on rats in the laboratory.
Gingerols are derived from phenylpropane with extended linear hydrocarbon
chains. Gingerol is a cholagogue.
Gingerol should be avoided during pregnancy.
Curcumin: A pigment found mostly in Turmeric. A Phenolic
Aryakanone or Diarylheptanoid.
Curcumin has hepaprotective, hypotensive
and anti-inflammatory properties.
Citral: A Monoterpene Aldehyde consisting of isomers geranial
and neral which combined are known as Citral.
Citral has sedative,
antiviral and antibacterial effects.
Aldehydes: Aldehydes are a class of highly reactive chemical
compounds that are intermediate between acids and alcohols, containing less
hydrogen than alcohols and less oxygen than acids.
Aldehydes are mostly irritants and can cause skin
irritation in even when diluted. Monoterpene Aldehydes are geranial,
citronellal, citral (which is responsible for the sharp distinctive citric
smell) while Cyclic Aldehydes are also known as aromatic Aldehydes have far more
cloying and sweet smells like Cinnamic Aldehyde and Benzaldehyde, which are
Cyclic Aldehydes, widely used in the perfume industry.
If ingested aldehydes are very irritant to the gastrointestinal tract, causing
nausea and diarrhoea.
For further detail see specific aldehydes:
Cineole: One of the two most important Monoterpene Oxides, the
other is Ascaridole, Cineole is one of the most widely distributed constituents
amongst plants as an oxidised product of monoterpenes. Cineole is often also
called Eucalyptol, named so because it is the major component of Eucalyptus oil.
is a expectorant widely used in commercial cough lozenges. It has a reputation
as a skin irritant amongst many practitioners but recent tests have failed to
Borneol: One of the terpene alcohols, found most abundantly in
rosemary oil, has many of the properties of other terpene alcohols. It is used
as a skin tonic, a local anaesthetic, sedative and antispasmodic.
Terpene Alcohol: Valued for their fragrance,
gentle reaction on the skin and membranes and healing properties Terpene
Alcohols have earned the name of "Friendly Molecules". Alcohols are amongst the
strongest antimicrobial compounds in essential oils but lack the irritant
properties of other antimicrobial constituents like phenols.
Linanool: Linalool one of the terpene alcohols is widely
distributed in the plant kingdom. Linalool has strong effects on the nervous
system and is therefore widely used by aroma therapists and herbologists as a
sedative, spasmolytic and local anaesthetic. It is also used against many skin
complaints, mostly in the form of tea tree oil.
Camphene: No current data available