Coriander Information

 Coriander essential oil uses

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Oil Name:Coriander
Note:Top
Parts of plant used:Fruit and seed
Botanical Name:Coriandrum Sativm
Aroma:Spicy and sweet somewhat pungent. 

Coriander is well known as a culinary spice. In ancient Egypt the spice was believed to bring happiness.

The oil is mostly harvested from the seeds.

Click Here to go to the Coriander herb page for more information

 

Coriander Essential Oil Uses for/In treatment of:

FlatulenceFatigueColds
RheumatismArthritis 
   

Coriander Essential Oil Properties:

Stomachic CarminativeAntispasmodic
Aromatic  
   

 

Constituents:

Linanool: Linalool one of the terpene alcohols is widely distributed in the plant kingdom. Linalool has strong effects on the nervous system and is therefore widely used by aroma therapists and herbologists as a sedative, spasmolytic and local anaesthetic. It is also used against many skin complaints, mostly in the form of tea tree oil.

Phenolic Ethers: Phenolic ethers on their own are irritant and toxic Phenylpropane derivatives. Where Phenolic Ethers are present in essential oils these oils must be used with care and extreme dilutions as even small amounts of phenolic ethers are toxic.

 

Borneol: One of the terpene alcohols, found most abundantly in rosemary oil, has many of the properties of other terpene alcohols. It is used as a skin tonic, a local anaesthetic, sedative and antispasmodic.

Terpene Alcohol: Valued for their fragrance, gentle reaction on the skin and membranes and healing properties Terpene Alcohols have earned the name of "Friendly Molecules". Alcohols are amongst the strongest antimicrobial compounds in essential oils but lack the irritant properties of other antimicrobial constituents like phenols.

 

Limonene: Limonene has been studied for the anti-tumour effect noticed in mice. Herbalists often prescribe herbs with this constituent as an antioxidant and cancer or tumour inhibitor although there is evidence that these properties are volatile and may be lost as a result of processing of the herb. Limonene also has antiviral properties.

 

Geraniol: A terpene alcohol. Fragrant and regarded as highly valued oil in aromatherapy and the perfume industry. Terpene alcohols are antimicrobial but are a lot gentler on the skin than the phenols.  

 

Carvone: A Monoterpene Hydrocarbon.

Carvone has been identified in a study supported by the US National Cancer Institute to have some increasing effect in levels of glutathione S-transferase (a detoxifying enzyme) in mice (Zheng and colleagues 1992)

Monoterpene Hydrocarbons: Found in almost all Essential Oils have anti-tumour effects on mice in the laboratory. There is also evidence that Monoterpene Hydrocarbons lose this anti-tumour effect as the hydrocarbons become oxidised when the effect is reversed.

Monoterpene Hydrocarbons are antiviral, decongestant, diuretic and a tonic to mucous membranes.

 

Camphor:  Camphor is a Carvone, one of the Ketones. In the + isometric form is found in the oil of Caraway seed, in the - isometric form it is found in feverfew and some lavender subspecies. In the - form -Carvone is the major constituent in Oil of Spearmint (Mentha Spicata).

Camphor is commercially extracted in the + isometric form from the wood of Cinammomum Camphora, the Camphor Laurel

Camphor is antipruritic, mucolytic and expectorant. Camphor is also toxic in significant doses and can cause contact dermatitis.

In the cosmetic and beauty therapy industry Camphor is widely used for its preservative properties in creams, hair products, after shave lotions and other skin products as it has the added benefit of giving a cool refreshing feeling to the skin. Pure camphor oil has been used through the centuries as a moth repellent and an ingredient in liniments. The FDA has banned Camphor as a liniment as it is readily absorbed through the skin and is toxic in larger doses even when applied topically.

In Lavender Essential oil although present Camphor is regarded as an undesirable constituent thereby increasing the price of Lavandin, Lavender and even Lavender-Spike (in which higher levels of Camphor is expected) where the aroma lacks the distinct Camphor smell.

Ketones: Monoterpenoid Ketones are stable molecules formed by oxidation of alcohols. Monocyclic Ketones like Pulegone and Thujone are toxic and should be avoided in any significant volumes in any treatment. Ketones are expectorant and a respiratory tonic.

 
 

Elemol: No current data available

 
 
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* Statements made have not been evaluated by American Food and Drug Authority or similar board or authority of any other country.
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