Eugenol: Anaesthetic, antimicrobal, disinfecting, stimulant,
aromatic and anticonvulsant.
Eugenol is a Phenylpropanoid in the Phenols group.
Eugenol is widely distributed in the plant kingdom.
Sensitivity should be tested before using this substance or oil on the skin.
Phenolic Ethers: Phenolic ethers on their own are irritant and
toxic Phenylpropane derivatives. Where Phenolic Ethers are present in essential
oils these oils must be used with care and extreme dilutions as even small
amounts of phenolic ethers are toxic.
Pinene: Commonly found in Oil of Turpentine extracted from Pinus
specie trees, pinene (alpha-pinene and beta-pinene) is also widely distributed
in other plants. It is used for Rheumatism as a liniment but is best known by
Aromatherapists and a tonic of the mucus membranes of the respiratory system.
Pinene is also important for its pleasant fragrance and is believed to have
diuretic properties by many.
Methyl Salicylate: An aromatic Ester from salicylic acid and
methanol. It has sedative, antispasmodic and analgesic properties good
against rheumatism as a topical application but not recommended for ingestion as
it is toxic in large doses.